Terms that distinguish certain construction materials and techniques are presented next. This guide groups terms according to how we generally perceive a building, from the large to the small. See “pitch” above. The tour guide next to you starts talking about “orders.” You’re ready to put in your lunch request until you realize that she’s referring to the architecture. You’re standing in front of the Parthenon or some other great work of architecture. Fenestration: It’s a blanket terms for the design, construction, and presence of any openings in a building.Think windows, doors, vents, wall panels, skylights, curtain walls or louvers. The terms “pitch” and “slope” are simply two different ways of expressing the same measurement. A glossary of house building terms most commonly found in home plans, home design, ... Plans with Photos Plans with Videos ... A view of an architectural model taken horizontally, looking at a vertical surface in a design. Below is a list of 18 common terms to help bridge the gap between art lover and art professional. Once you have a foundational understanding of common terms in design, you will be able to easily navigate and convey your individual flare. Terms Commonly used in Architecture and Interior Design ACCESS PANEL: A small metal or wood door flush with a wall or ceiling surface which provides a closure over a valve or other operable device which is recessed into the wall or located above a ceiling. Thus we start with some of the terms that help describe a building’s basic form: the plan and roof shape. Stylobate - the foundation on which a row of columns stand. Soffit A soffit is the horizontal underside of a roof overhang, an archway, a staircase, a ceiling, or a similar architectural component. Stereobate - the surface on which the stylobate stands.. Stoa - a long and narrow columned building often used to enclose a particular space at religious sites and public places such as markets and gymnasia.Used as a meeting place and shelter from the weather. The terms in the following list can help you understand architectural … The access door may be keyed and lockable. Architecture created from mostly local materials, by and for the use of local people. Often slightly curved to aid drainage. Vernacular architecture responds to local methods of building construction, local climates, and local living needs and traditions. Fascia. Architectural Styles in Manitoba. Finial: It’s the decorative ornament found on top of a building’s roof, spire, gable or canopy.It’s a common addition in Gothic architecture, where the fleur-de-lys is often used as the ornamentation. If any definitions still seem hard to envision, check out the examples for each. The same roof has a 4/12—or 1/3—pitch. 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